Aloys Martin and the Society
of German Physicians in Paris

Goerig M, Nemes C.
Abteilung fur Anasthesiologie,
Eppendorf, Hamburg.
Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther. 1998 Feb;33(2):96-104.


The news about the discovery of the anaesthetic properties of ether swept rapidly from America to Europe. The first informations concerning this topic reached England in late fall of 1846 and after that came to France and especially Paris. The German physician Aloys Martin from Munich who was living in Paris at that time was largely responsible for conveying the news about these new findings in medical science to the German-speaking nations. Controversial discussions concerning the anaesthetic properties of ether developed among the members of various scientific circles right after the news from America had reached the city--and many members of the "Verein Deutscher Aerzte in Paris" (Association of German Physicians in Paris) took part in them, Martin then was one of the club's most active members and repeatedly reported on the new method as a correspondent for the widely read "Augsburger Allgemeine Zeitung": Documents discovered recently at the archives of the "Leopoldinisch-Carolinischen Akademie" of Halle provide an interesting insight into this association, whose members tried to find out more about the anaesthetic properties and side effects of ether carrying out a series of well appreciated self-experiments in the spring of 1847. The following text reports on the history of the "Verein Deutscher Aerzte in Paris" which has largely fallen into oblivion and emphasizes the importance of Aloys Martin whose name is strongly attached to the spread of the use of ether throughout the German-speaking countries.
Otto Kappeler
William Morton
John Collins Warren
Chloroform sniffing
Obstetric anaesthesia
Molecular mechanisms
Crawford Williamson Long
Anaesthesia in German-speaking regions
First use of anaesthetics in different countries

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