The beginnings of anesthesia
by
Bouchet H.
Ann Chir. 1998;52(9):935-9.


ABSTRACT

In the nineteenth century, introduction of the first inhaled general anaesthetic (Long, 1842) induced a further search for new types of anaesthesia: carbon dioxide, petroleum ether, derivatives of ethylene, acetone, methyl dichloride, and the study of a new technique-hypnosis. Only chloroform, ether, nitrous oxide were used. Towards the end of the century, ether became the mainstay of inhaled anaesthetics. The other routes of administering anaesthetics (rectal, venous, spinal, local) appeared around 1860.
People
Anaesthesia
Nitrous oxide
Horace Wells
William Morton
Seishu Hanaoka
Contemporary anaesthesia
The first use of anaesthetics in different countries
Early religious/military opposition to anaesthetics



Refs
and further reading

general-anaesthesia.com
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