A comparison of total intravenous with balanced anaesthesia for middle ear surgery: effects on postoperative nausea and vomiting, pain, and conditions of surgery
Mukherjee K, Seavell C, Rawlings E, Weiss A.
Medway Maritime Hospital, Gillingham, UK.
Anaesthesia. 2003 Feb;58(2):176-80


We compared postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), pain and conditions for surgery in patients scheduled for middle ear surgery. In a double-blind study, 100 patients were randomly allocated to receive either balanced anaesthesia (group A) using fentanyl, propofol and isoflurane, or total intravenous anaesthesia (group B) using propofol and remifentanil infusions. Pain scores, nausea/vomiting scores, conditions for surgery and analgesic requirements were recorded for 18 h post operatively. In the recovery ward, patients in group B suffered significantly less PONV (p = 0.026) with a reduced requirement for anti-emetic medication (p = 0.023); however, this difference was not maintained on the ward. The overall incidence of PONV was 34% and 17% in groups A and B, respectively. Initial pain scores were higher in group B in the recovery ward (p = 0.003) and patients required more morphine administration (p = 0.002); however, pain scores were similar on the ward. Conditions for surgery were found to be better in group B.
John S Lundy
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