The Delphic oracle: a multidisciplinary
defense of the gaseous vent theory
Spiller HA, Hale JR, De Boer JZ.
Kentucky Regional Poison Center,
Louisville 40232-5070, USA.
J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 2002;40(2):189-96
ABSTRACTAncient historical references consistently describe an intoxicating gas, produced by a cavern in the ground, as the source of the power at the oracle of Delphi. These ancient writings are supported by a series of associated geological findings. Chemical analysis of the spring waters and travertine deposits at the site show these gases to be the light hydrocarbon gases methane, ethane, and ethylene. The effects of inhaling ethylene, a major anesthetic gas in the mid-20th century, are similar to those described in the ancient writings. We believe the probable cause of the trancelike state of the Priestess (the Pythia) at the oracle of Delphi during her mantic sessions was produced by inhaling ethylene gas or a mixture of ethylene and ethane from a naturally occurring vent of geological origin.People
The spongia somnifera
'My beloved chloroform'
'The secularisation of pain'
High times at the Delphic Oracle
and further reading
The Good Drug Guide
The Abolitionist Project
The Hedonistic Imperative
The Reproductive Revolution
Critique of Huxley's Brave New World