Galvanic and Faradic power in Anaesthesia
Zimmer M.
Hist Sci Med. 2002 Jan-Mar;36(1):31-53


Electrical anaesthetic methods have been applied for the first time in Paris (May-June 1847) by the physiologist and anatomist scientist Fortune Christophe Ducros. Ducros's scientific research works were not published so they were forgotten. In fact the electrical anaesthetic methods were dropped on account of the difficult conceiving of the electrical devices and the easiness of methods using either and chloroform. In 1858 J.B. Francis, a dentist of Philadelphia, pulled out 164 teeth in presence of official dentists by means of this method. Apolloni Pierre Preterre, a Parisian dental surgeon, introduced again the method in June 1858 and Victor Auguste Francois Morel-Lavallee, Jean-Baptiste Fonssagrives and Leon Athanase Gosselin tested it in some French hospitals without further delay. In December 1859, Jean-Baptiste Georges invented a device to use galvanism and induction particularly for cauterisation in the mouth or for local anaesthesia. Eventually the electrical method failed and was neglected.
Inhaled anaesthetics
Obstetric anaesthesia
Molecular mechanisms
Chloroform anaesthesia
A thalamocortical switch?
Anaesthesia and the spinal chord
History of anaesthesia apparatus
Consciousness, anaesthesia and anaesthetics
Anaesthesia: mutants in yeast, nematodes, fruit flies and mice

and further reading
Future Opioids
BLTC Research
Utopian Surgery?
The Good Drug Guide
The Abolitionist Project
The Hedonistic Imperative
The Reproductive Revolution
Critique of Huxley's Brave New World