Cardiovascular responses of Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) during rapid anaesthetic induction and recovery
Hill JV, Forster ME.
School of Biological Sciences,
University of Canterbury,
Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand.
Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2004 Feb;137(2):167-77


The effects of three anaesthetics on induction and recovery were compared in Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). Heart rate (HR), cardiac output (Q), dorsal aortic pressure (DAP) and stroke volume (SV) were measured in minimally disturbed salmon during 5 min anaesthetic inductions with approximately equi-potent concentrations of MS222 (100 ppm), metomidate (6-10 ppm) and AQUI-S (60 ppm). MS222 induction caused a steady decline in DAP only, while metomidate induction did not affect any cardiovascular variable. AQUI-S caused a biphasic response, and within 2 min had depressed HR, Q, DAP and SV by between 20 and 50%. In the final 3 min HR returned to pre-anaesthesia levels, and Q and SV climbed to greater than pre-anaesthesia levels. Blood samples taken pre- and post-anaesthesia showed all inductions caused hypoxaemia (oxygen partial pressure of dorsal aortic blood (PaO2): MS222 47 mmHg, metomidate 35 mmHg, AQUI-S 21 mmHg). Haematocrit and plasma adrenaline and noradrenaline levels increased slightly in AQUI-S treated fish only. Recovery was monitored for 6 h post-anaesthesia, and was similar for each anaesthetic. All cardiovascular variables had returned to control levels within 5 min with the exception of DAP, which was initially slightly elevated (up to 20%) but returned to control values within 30 min. Anaesthesia is usually preceded by handling. Netting prior to anaesthesia caused significant increases in HR, Q and SV, which masked any anaesthetic dependent effects. Recovery from anaesthesia combined with surgery was also generally anaesthetic independent and recovery was prolonged, compared to anaesthesia alone. These data suggest limiting fish handling/manipulation is more important in minimising cardiovascular disturbance than the choice of anaesthetic.
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